Gnosticism Wikipedia. Gnosticism from Ancient Greek gnostikos, having knowledge, from gnsis, knowledge is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish milieus in the first and second century AD. Based on their readings of the Torah and other Biblical writings,specify these systems believed that the material world is created by an emanation of the highest God, trapping the Divine spark within the human body. This Divine spark could be liberated by gnosis of this Divine spark. The Gnostic ideas and systems flourished in the Mediterranean world in the second century AD, in conjunction with and influenced by the early Christian movements and Middle Platonism. After the Second Century, a decline set in, but Gnosticism persisted throughout the centuries as an undercurrent of western culture, remanifesting with the Renaissance as Western esotericism, taking prominence with modern spirituality. In the Persian Empire, Gnosticism spread as far as China with Manicheism, while Mandaeism is still alive in Iraq. A major question in scholarly research is the qualification of Gnosticism, based on the study of its texts, as either an interreligious phenomenon or as an independent religion. EtymologyeditGnosis refers to knowledge based on personal experience or perception. In a religious context, gnosis is mystical or esoteric knowledge based on direct participation with the divine. In most Gnostic systems the sufficient cause of salvation is this knowledge of acquaintance with the divine. It is an inward knowing, comparable to that encouraged by Plotinus neoplatonism, and differs from Christian proto orthodox views. The usual meaning of gnostikos in Classical Greek texts is learned or intellectual, such as used by Plato in the comparison of practical praktikos and intellectual gnostikos. Platos use of learned is fairly typical of Classical texts. By the Hellenistic period, it began to also be associated with Greco Roman mysteries, becoming synonymous with the Greek term musterion. The Gnostic Gospels' title='The Gnostic Gospels' />The adjective is not used in the New Testament, but Clement of Alexandrianote 3 speaks of the learned gnostikos Christian in complimentary terms. The use of gnostikos in relation to heresy originates with interpreters of Irenaeus. Some scholarsnote 4 consider that Irenaeus sometimes uses gnostikos to simply mean intellectual,note 5 whereas his mention of the intellectual sectnote 6 is a specific designation. The term Gnosticism does not appear in ancient sources,note 1. Century by Henry More in a commentary on the seven letters of the Book of Revelation, where More used the term Gnosticisme to describe the heresy in Thyatira. The Gnostic Gospels' title='The Gnostic Gospels' />The term Gnosticism was derived from the use of the Greek adjective gnostikos Greek, learned, intellectual by St. Irenaeus c. 1. 85 AD to describe the school of Valentinus as he legomene gnostike haeresis the heresy called Learned gnostic. OriginseditThe earliest origins of Gnosticism are obscure and still disputed. The Christian groups called Gnostics a branch of Christianity,note 1. Jewish sectarian milieus and early Christian sects. Gnostics seem to have originated in Alexandria and coexisted with the early Christians until the 4th Century AD. The Nag Hammadi Library Nag Hammadi Scriptures and the Gnostic Gospels. Tai Game Resident Evil 3 Cho Pc. The site includes the Gnostic Society Library with the complete Nag Hammadi Library and. This page indexes resources about Gnosticism, the Hermetica, and other related belief systems at sacredtexts. Information on The Secret Book of James. The Secret Book of James is preserved in a single Coptic copy found in Codex III of the Nag Hammadi codices. Excerpt from The Gnostic Gospels by Elaine Pagels. Part of the The Nag Hammadi Library Nag Hammadi Scriptures collection. The site includes the Gnostic Society. Gospel and Gospels. Help support New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers. Gnosticism from Ancient Greek gnostikos, having knowledge, from gnsis, knowledge is a modern name for a variety of ancient. Because there was as yet no fixed church authority, syncretism with pre existing belief systems as well as new religions was often embraced. Some scholars prefer to speak of gnosis when referring to First Century ideas that later developed into gnosticism, and to reserve the term gnosticism for the synthesis of these ideas into a coherent movement in the Second Century. No gnostic texts have been discovered that pre date Christianity,note 1. Christian Gnosticism as such is hardly attested in a way to settle the debate once and for all. Judeo Christian originseditContemporary scholarship largely agrees that Gnosticism has Jewish or Judeo Christian origins, originating in the late First Century AD in nonrabbinical Jewish sects and early Christian sects. The Gospel of Thomas It does not tell the story of the life and death of Jesus, but offers the reader his secret teachings about the Kingdom of God. The Gospel of Philip is one of the Gnostic Gospels, a text of New Testament apocrypha, dated to around the 3rd century but lost in modern times until an Egyptian man. Eastbound And Down Season 1 Episode 5 Download. Gnostics, Gnostic, Gnosticism Includes the gnostic gospels and information on gnostic Christianity and the religion of GnosticismMany heads of gnostic schools were identified as Jewish Christians by Church Fathers, and Hebrew words and names of God were applied in some gnostic systems. The cosmogonic speculations among Christian Gnostics had partial origins in Maaseh Bereshit and Maaseh Merkabah. This theses is most notably put forward by Gershom Scholem 1. Gilles Quispel 1. The Gnostic Gospels' title='The Gnostic Gospels' />Scholem detected Jewish gnosis in the imagery of the merkavah, which can also be found in Christian Gnostic documents, for example Pauls ascension to the third heaven. Quispel sees Gnosticism as an independent Jewish development, tracing its origins to Alexandrian Jews, to which group Valentinus was also connected. According to Robert M. Grant, Gnosticism developed out of the remains of apocalyptic eschatological expectations after the fall of Jerusalem, which shattered the hopes of the coming of Gods kingdom on earth and led to a rejection of the world. Gnosticism united material from the outer fringes of Judaism such as the Essenes and the Diaspora Judaism of the Aramaic Syro Mesopotamian world. Many of the Nag Hammadi texts make reference to Judaism, in some cases with a violent rejection of the Jewish God. Gershom Scholem once described Gnosticism as the Greatest case of metaphysical anti Semitism. Professor Steven Bayme said gnosticism would be better characterized as anti Judaism. Recent research into the origins of Gnosticism shows a strong Jewish influence, particularly from Hekhalot literature. Within early Christianity, the teachings of Paul and John may have been a starting point for Gnostic ideas, with a growing emphasis on the opposition between flesh and spirit, the value of charisma, and the disqualification of the Jewish law. Reason Core Security Keygen more. The mortal body belonged to the world of the archons, and only the spirit or soul could be saved. The term gnostikos may have acquired a deeper significance here. Alexandria was of central importance for the birth of Gnosticism. The Christian ecclesia was of JewishChristian origin, but also attracted Greek members, and various strand of thought were available, such as Judaic apocalypticism, speculation on divine wisdom, Greek philosophy, and Hellenistic mystery religions. Regarding the angel Christology of some early Christians, Darrell Hannah notes Some early Christians understood the pre incarnate Christ, ontologically, as an angel. This true angel Christology took many forms and may have appeared as early as the late First Century, if indeed this is the view opposed in the early chapters of the Epistle to the Hebrews. The Elchasaites, or at least Christians influenced by them, paired the male Christ with the female Holy Spirit, envisioning both as two gigantic angels. Some Valentinian Gnostics supposed that Christ took on an angelic nature that he might be the Saviour of angels. The author of the Testament of Solomon held Christ to be a particularly effective thwarting angel in the exorcism of demons. The author of De Centesima and Epiphanius Ebionites held Christ to have been the highest and most important of the first created archangels, a view similar in many respects to Hermas equation of Christ with Michael.